A lot of us want to achieve the goal, but sometimes we don’t have real motivation and willingness. There is always a chance to give up. To be sure that we will touch that goal, it should be cleverly designed because we know how much to expect from ourselves and how much we can achieve. However, a good motivation is something that push us forward and without it we almost certainly will not be able to do anything.
When we are motivated, and when we have something important or significant, we are able to do much more than we can imagine. However, it is easy with things that are important to us, but what to do in those situations when we don’t have the will to work or when we do not see the purpose what we have to do? The answer is motivation. It is important to learn to recognize what motivates us as individuals, what prevents us from realizing our goals and to work on it. Step by step…
Motivation is defined as the degree where the persistent effort is directed towards achieving the objective goals. We see it as “something that moves us.” So motivation is characterized as a complex set that is based on:
– Effort – means the various activities in the direction of achievement of target
– Persistence – the degree to which we are willing to persevere in a particular activity (this feature is especially important when the activity we need to do is unpleasant)
– Directing – activity without direction can often lead to a waste of our energy, so it is important that there is a clear orientation towards a specific goal
– The goal – also it has the function of something that moves us and direct our work and energy. The objective goal is closely connected with the success and efficiency. The declared goal has an impact on increasing our motivation. Immediately (and in some cases) it can be seen as a reason for motivation.
Needs as the reason of activation towards achieving the goal
Mostly people are activated due to some specific needs and satisfaction of certain needs is very often a motive by itself. The needs may be different and psychologists were defined differently from time to time:
1. Maslow’s theory of needs
This theory is based on five important human needs which are hierarchically structured: physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging, esteem, self-actualization. This means that if you want to achieve any of the above needs first you must satisfy the needs that are lower. Activation of some groups need is conditioned by the relative satisfaction of the needs of “lower order”. The initiator of human behavior is an unsatisfied need.
Consequently, the task of managers and employers of the organization is to recognize the different needs of their employees and create conditions for their achievement and implement an individualized approach to satisfy the needs of their workers. For the quality the higher needs are important and it is important to work on their activation and satisfaction.
2. Theory of needs of David McClelland
McClelland in his theory of needs (which is also called the theory of three needs), emphasizes the importance of the needs which are formed in the course of life and which are classified into three groups: achievement motivation, authority/power motivation, and affiliation motivation. According to the theory of David McClelland, the performance of a person in the organizational context of the administration depends on the severity of these groups need.
How to avoid the execution of obligations?
The tasks that we have on the private and the business plan often accumulate to a large extent and that, due to the chaos that is in front of us, we delay their implementation. The largest number of obligations that we postpone are unpleasant (or their outcome is unpleasant). In avoiding the obligations we have a tendency to be extremely creative and imaginative and we know to think a million and one reasons why we don’t want to do something right now. We often believe that things will somehow, be solved by themselves and thus rid us troubles caused by work on these activities.
However, with the delay, we achieve only the accumulation and often things are even more complicated, but rarely it will resolve by itself. In order to increase their own efficiency and effectiveness, it is important to identify which activities should be delayed, why we do it and how to overcome this problem.
The overcoming of delay is achieved by motivating. Model of functional motivation assumes that the first step in motivating ideas is to think what target is, then analyze the feelings related to it and in accordance with how we feel, define and take further concrete steps to achieve this objective. If we have something unpleasant or we simply don’t have the will to do, we are lazy or we are not interested in, we need to know why this is like that so that we could have an impact on it.
Four steps to complete the obligations
– Become aware of your needs – what is it that is important to you, what you enjoy, or is in any way significant.
– Set goals and try to look at the consequences that will lead to the realization, as well as a miscarriage of goals. If you encounter some difficulties in setting up and implementation of the goals, consult with someone because sometimes we are not objective and opinions of others advice can be vital.
– Do not delay, identify obstacles, identify where and why it could be delayed achievement of target and work to overcome those barriers.
– Reward yourself, give yourself prize no matter how much it is big – whether you buy a little thing to yourself, pay yourself some extended weekend or just praise yourself for achieved success (with the aim to maintain the motivation or “move” to the next goal that you receive).
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